Abstract

MORPHOLOGICAL UNIVERSE
Genetics and Epigenetics in Form-making

Haresh Lalvani

Director, Center for Experimental Structures, School of Architecture, Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, New York 11205 Principal, Lalvani Studio, 164 Bank Street, #2B, New York, NY 10014
E-mail: hlalvani@gmail.com

Abstract: This work is on form and form-making and deals with the two terms in the sub-title, both from biology. I use genetics for formal coding of form and epigenetics with (morphological) factors that lie outside it. These two aspects, genetics and epigenetics of form, inevitably lead to the question of the origin of form. It is divided into two parts. Part 1, Genetics of Form, deals with the formal or genetic component and sets up generative rules (generators) of form. Part 2, Epigenetics of Form, deals with the physical or epigenetic component which adds materials and physical processes that enable form-making. Both parts are by no means comprehensive and deal with selected aspects which remain to be extended. Both parts run into their own limitations, the genetic component for touching on the known bounds of mathematics of form (geometry, topology), the epigenetic due to the limited scope of physical experiments shown here.

CONTENT:

♦ Abstract7
♦ Preface8
PART 1
GENETICS OF FORM: FORM FOLLOWS NUMBER
   Plates 1-2515
A Number space22
B Morphing continuum29
C Regular and semi-regular structures33
D Surface subdivisions53
En-dimensional structures63
F Element addition-removal79
G Edge curvature97
H Decoding Gaudí104
I Recursion112
J Projection from higher dimensions122
KHypersurfaces, hyperspaces, hyperstructures137
PART 2
EPIGENETICS OF FORM: FORM FOLLOWS FORCE
   Plates 26-45163
L Xurf series166
M Discovery of self-shaping191
N X-structure series200
POSTSCRIPT221
♦ Acknowledgements233
♦ References235
♦ About the author240