THE STRICT AND THE BROAD SENSE OF SYMMETRY IN VITRUVIUS’ DE ARCHITECTURA
* Address: Department of Architecture, University of Patras, 26504, Greece
Abstract: Vitruvius uses the concept of symmetria (symmetry) to establish architecture as a liberal art. Symmetry can be considered strictly, as Euclid did, and broadly, as prominent philosophers did. The two concepts of symmetry appear, to some extent, contradictory to each other, especially when applied to art and architecture. Vitruvius attempted to reconcile the two notions of symmetry by developing the concept of ordinatio (order) and giving it a prominent position among the principles governing architecture.
Keywords: Vitruvius, symmetry, order, architecture.