THE SPIRIT AND THE SYMBOL IN ARCHITECTURE: THE DIVINE PROPORTION
François Gruson *
* Département Mutations, Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Paris-Malaquais, Ecole des Beaux-Arts de Paris, 14 Rue Bonaparte, Paris, 75006, France.
Abstract: As is customary in certain academic traditions, this article will begin with two definitions of the word architecture. The first one is: “architecture is the art of building”. The second one: “Architecture is the wise, correct and magnificent game of volumes under the light”. These two definitions can be supplemented by a quote that is particularly essential regarding the subject of this article: “l’archittura è cosa mentale” which can be translated as follows: “architecture is a matter of mind”.
Keywords: architecture, golden mean, golden ratio, Vitruvius, Renaissance architecture, Le Corbusier.